Condensation heat transfer characteristics and energy conversion performance analysis for low GWP refrigerants in plate heat exchangers

Jae Hoon Jung, Yun Mo Ko, Yong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we analyzed the effects of heat flux, mass flux, condensation pressure, and mean vapor quality on the condensation heat transfer and friction pressure drop characteristics of R-1234ze(E) and R-1233zd(E) in plate heat exchangers with different chevron angles. When the mean vapor quality increased, the heat transfer coefficient and frictional pressure drop increased. Both increased with increasing the mass flux and with decreasing the condensation pressure. Unlike the heat transfer coefficient, the frictional pressure drop was hardly affected by the heat flux. R-1233zd(E) showed a larger heat transfer coefficient and frictional pressure drop than R-1234ze(E) owing to the differences in thermodynamic properties. The Nusselt number correlation and friction coefficient correlations were derived for various chevron angles from the experimental results. The ratio of the Nusselt number and pressure drop according to the equivalent Reynolds number was compared. It is concluded that R-1234ze(E) has a higher energy performance parameter than R-1233zd(E), which means that R-1233zd(E) has an advantage in terms of heat transfer, but the loss due to the increased pressure drop is relatively large. It is also confirmed that the result from the simple relative economic evaluation agree well with that from the energy conversion performance evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120727
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF) grant funded by the Korea government(MSIT) (No. NRF-2020R1A5A1018153) and the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning(KETEP) and the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy(MOTIE) of the Republic of Korea (No. 20202020800200).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020


  • Condensation heat transfer
  • Economic evaluation
  • Energy performance parameter
  • Frictional pressure drop
  • Low GWP refrigerants
  • plate heat exchanger

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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