Construction of directional virtual backbones with minimum routing cost in wireless networks

Ling Ding, Weili Wu, James K. Willson, Hongjie Du, Wonjun Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)


It is well-known that the application of directional antennas can help conserve bandwidth and energy consumption in wireless networks. Thus, to achieve efficiency in wireless networks, we study a special virtual backbone (VB) using directional antennas, requiring that from one node to any other node in the network, there exists at least one directional shortest path all of whose intermediate directions should belong to the VB, named as Minimum rOuting Cost Directional VB (MOC-DVB). In addition, VB has been well studied in Unit Disk Graph (UDG). However, radio wave based communications in wireless networks may be interrupted by obstacles (e.g., buildings and mountains). Thus, in this paper, we model a network as a general directed graph. We prove that construction of a minimum MOC-DVB is an NP-hard problem in a general directed graph and in term of the size of MOC-DVB, there exists an unreachable lower bound of the polynomial-time selected MOC-DVB. Therefore, we propose a distributed approximation algorithm for constructing MOC-DVB with approximation ratio of 1 + lnK + 2lnδD, where K is the number of antennas on each node and D is the maximum direction degree in the network. Extensive simulations demonstrate that our constructed MOC-DVB is much more efficient in the sense of MOC-DVB size and routing cost compared to other VBs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2011 Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventIEEE INFOCOM 2011 - Shanghai, China
Duration: 2011 Apr 102011 Apr 15

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE INFOCOM
ISSN (Print)0743-166X



ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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