This work studied a series of infrared detectors comprised of organic bulk heterojunctions to explain the origin of their broadband spectral response from the visible to the infrared spanning 1 to 8 μm and the transition from photonic to bolometric operation. Through comparisons of the detector current and the sub-bandgap density of states, the mid- and long-wave infrared response was attributed to charge trap-and-release processes that impact thermal charge generation and the activation energy of charge mobility. We further demonstrate how the sub-bandgap characteristics, mobility activation energy, and effective bandgap are key design parameters for controlling the device temperature coefficient of resistance, which reached up to -7%/K, better than other thin-film materials such as amorphous silicon and vanadium oxide.
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- bulk heterojunction
- infrared detectors
- organic semiconductors
- sub-bandgap states
- temperature coefficient of resistance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Materials Science