Control of a toxic cyanobacterial bloom species, Microcystis aeruginosa, using the peptide HPA3NT3-A2

Sang Il Han, Sok Kim, Ki Young Choi, Changsu Lee, Yoonkyung Park, Yoon E. Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Microcystis aeruginosa, a species of freshwater cyanobacteria, is known to be one of the dominant species causing cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms (CyanoHABs). M. aeruginosa blooms have the potential to produce neurotoxins and peptide hepatotoxins, such as microcystins and lipopolysaccharides (LPSs). Currently, technologies for CyanoHAB control do not provide any ultimate solution because of the secondary pollution associated with the control measures. In this study, we attempted to use the peptide HPA3NT3-A2, which has been reported to be nontoxic and has antimicrobial properties, for the development of an eco-friendly control against CyanoHABs. HPA3NT3-A2 displayed significant algicidal effects against M. aeruginosa cells. HPA3NT3-A2 induced cell aggregation and flotation (thereby facilitating harvest), inhibited cell growth through sedimentation, and eventually destroyed the cells. HPA3NT3-A2 had no algicidal effect on other microalgal species such as Haematococcus pluvialis and Chlorella vulgaris. Additionally, HPA3NT3-A2 was not toxic to Daphnia magna. The algicidal mechanism of HPA3NT3-A2 was intracellular penetration. The results of this study suggest the novel possibility of controlling CyanoHABs using HPA3NT3-A2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32255-32265
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Government of South Korea through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2016R1D1A1B03932773) and Korea Basic Science Institute under the R&D Program (Project No. C38703), supervised by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning. This research was also supported by the Marine Biotechnology Program of the Korea Institute of Marine Science and Technology Promotion (KIMST) funded by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (MOF) (No. 20170488).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


  • Algicidal peptide
  • Algicide
  • Cyanobacterial blooms
  • Eco-friendly mitigation
  • HABs
  • HPA3NT3-A2
  • Microcystis aeruginosa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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