Control of lateral root formation by rapamycin-induced dimerization of engineered RGI/BAK1 and by BIR3 chimera

Byeong Wook Jeon, Na Young Kang, Won Yong Park, Eunkyoo Oh, Jungmook Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Leucine-rich repeat receptor kinases (LRR-RKs) play a pivotal role in diverse aspects of growth, development, and immunity in plants by sensing extracellular signals. Typically, LRR-RKs are activated through the ligand-induced interaction with a SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS RECEPTOR KINASE (SERK) coreceptor, triggering downstream signaling. ROOT MERISTEM GROWTH FACTOR1 (RGF1) INSENSITIVEs (RGIs) LRR-RLK receptors promote primary root meristem activity while inhibiting lateral root (LR) development in response to RGF peptide. In this study, we employed rapamycin-induced dimerization (RiD) and BAK1-INTERACTING RECEPTOR-LIKE KINASE3 (BIR3) chimera approaches to explore the gain-of-function of RGI1, RGI4, and RGI5. Rapamycin induced the association of cytosolic kinase domains (CKDs) of RGI1 and the BAK1 coreceptor, activating both mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 (MPK3) and MPK6. Rapamycin significantly inhibited LR formation in RiD-RGI1/RGI4/RGI5-BAK1 plants. Using transgenic Arabidopsis expressing RGI1CKD fused to the BIR3-LRR chimera under estradiol control, we observed a substantial reduction in LR density upon β-estradiol treatment. Additionally, we identified a decrease in root gravitropism in BIR3 chimera plants. In contrast, RiD-RGI/BAK1 plants did not exhibit defects in root gravitropism, implying the importance of combinatorial interactions between RGIs and SERK coreceptors in the inhibition of root gravitropism. Constitutive activation of RGIs with BAK1 in RiD-RGI/BAK1 plants by rapamycin treatment resulted in the inhibition of primary root growth, resembling the inhibitory effects observed with high concentrations of phytohormones on primary root elongation. Our findings highlight that the interactions between CKDs of RGIs and BAK1, constitutively induced by rapamycin or BIR3 chimera, efficiently control LR development.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere14155
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Scandinavian Plant Physiology Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology


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