Block copolymer (BCP) thin films are capable of producing periodic nanoscale features that are hardly accessible by conventional 'top-down' lithography. Such is the potential of BCP thin films that many research groups are intensively studying this field. Notwithstanding their advantages, BCP thin films suffer from an inherent tendency to produce microdomains parallel to the substrate due to selective wetting. To date, various approaches to induce perpendicular orientation have been reported using surface neutralization, solvent annealing, external fields and nano-fillers. Of these approaches, surface neutralization using random copolymers is the most widely used because of its straightforward and intuitive methodology. Surface neutralization alleviates the preferential interaction of one block with the substrate, and thus selective wetting, which enables the formation of microdomains perpendicular to the substrate. In this review, advances in surface neutralization are covered by introducing four efficient cross-linkable random copolymers incorporated with benzocyclobutene, glycidyl methacrylate, azide and ketene functional groups.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was funded by the National Research Foundation of Korea grant, which was funded by the Korea government (MSIP; Nos. 2015R1A2A2A01006008, 2012M3A7B4049863 and 2012M3A7B4035323) and also by the Global Frontier R&D Program (No. 2013M3A6B1078869) of the Center for Hybrid Interface Materials (HIM), which was funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning.
© 2016 The Society of Polymer Science, Japan (SPSJ) All rights reserved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry