The current building tends to pursue high air-tightness for the reduction of the outside air supply to prevent an increase in the energy consumption of air conditioning, resulting in high dependency on mechanical ventilation and adverse effects on indoor air quality, occupant health and productivity. In this circumstance, many developed countries improved the ventilation regulation, but mere increase in the outdoor air introduction without considering the outdoor condition elevated the cooling energy. Therefore, study of the economizer cycle system that can cause fresh outside air introduction and energy saving has been actively conducted. In this study, we analyzed different economizer control methods, addressing mixed air temperature, outdoor air fraction and cooling demand according to the outdoor air temperature. Also, we analyzed the energy consumption of the three control types of the economizer cycle through detailed EnergyPlus simulation modeling under a variety of climatic conditions. As a result, differential enthalpy control method showed the greatest energy saving by around 10% under Korean climatic conditions compared to other methods. Differential dry-bulb control method showed 12.7% lower energy consumption than no economizer method in an intermediate period, but it did show 7.1% more energy usage during the summer period under a humid region. When properly considering the latent load, it was found that the resultant energy saving potential due to economizer operation is significant.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work (“Development of energy-saving stratification technologies and diffuser with Under Floor Air Distribution” Grants No. S2223127) was supported by Business for Cooperative R&D between Industry, Academy, and Research Institute funded by Korea Small and Medium Business Administration in 2015.
© 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Cooling energy
- Differential dry-bulb
- Differential enthalpy
- Office building
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering