Most research on the developmental correlates of gendered vocational aspirations and attainment utilizes cross-sectional designs and begins in adolescence or later. This study used longitudinal data collected from U.S. youth from age 11 to 26 to: (1) chart their gendered vocational development, that is, the gender typicality of vocational aspirations in middle childhood and adolescence and attainment in young adulthood; and (2) examine childhood gendered attributes as predictors of gendered vocational development. Results revealed that gendered vocational development differed for men and women: women's aspirations in childhood and adolescence were less gender-typical compared to their vocational fields attained in young adulthood, whereas men's remained gender-typical from childhood to young adulthood. Further, childhood attributes predicted aspirations and attainment and their developmental trajectory.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was funded by a grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development ( R01-HD32336 ) to Ann C. Crouter and Susan M. McHale, Co-Principal Investigators. The authors would like to thank Drs. David Almeida and Rachel Smith for their helpful comments and suggestions on earlier versions of the manuscript.
© 2018 Elsevier Inc.
- Career aspirations
- Occupational attainment
- Person-environment fit
- Vocational development
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Psychology
- Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
- Life-span and Life-course Studies