Covariate shift adaptation in EMG pattern recognition for prosthetic device control

Marina M C Vidovic, Liliana P. Paredes, Hwang Han-Jeong Hwang, Sebastian Amsüss, Jaspar Pahl, Janne M. Hahne, Bernhard Graimann, Dario Farina, Klaus Robert Müller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ensuring robustness of myocontrol algorithms for prosthetic devices is an important challenge. Robustness needs to be maintained under nonstationarities, e.g. due to electrode shifts after donning and doffing, sweating, additional weight or varying arm positions. Such nonstationary behavior changes the signal distributions - a scenario often referred to as covariate shift. This circumstance causes a significant decrease in classification accuracy in daily life applications. Re-training is possible but it is time consuming since it requires a large number of trials. In this paper, we propose to adapt the EMG classifier by a small calibration set only, which is able to capture the relevant aspects of the nonstationarities, but requires re-training data of only very short duration. We tested this strategy on signals acquired across 5 days in able-bodied individuals. The results showed that an estimator that shrinks the training model parameters towards the calibration set parameters significantly increased the classifier performance across different testing days. Even when using only one trial per class as re-training data for each day, the classification accuracy remained > 92% over five days. These results indicate that the proposed methodology can be a practical means for improving robustness in pattern recognition methods for myocontrol.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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