The crystal structure of (Ba1-xLax)[Mg(1+x)/3Nb(2-x)/3]O 3 (BLMN) ceramics with 0 ≤ × ≤ 1 was investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). When the La content, x, was above 0.1, the 1:2 ordered hexagonal structure found in Ba(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (BMN) was transformed into the 1:1 ordered cubic structure. The 1:1 ordered cubic structure was maintained up to x = 0.7. When x exceeded 0.7, however, BLMN exhibited a 1:1 ordered monoclinic structure, rather than a 1:1 ordered cubic structure. La(Mg2/3Nb1/3)O3 (LMN) has a 1:1 ordered monoclinic P21/n structure with a = 5.6004 Å, b = 5.6414 Å, c = 7.9346 Å, and β = 89.9819°. The monoclinic LMN has the in-phase and the anti-phase tilt of oxygen octahedra. The anti-parallel shift of A-site cations was also found in LMN.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Information and Communication.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering