UreE is proposed to be a metallochaperone that delivers nickel ions to urease during activation of this bacterial virulence factor. Wild-type Klebsiella aerogenes UreE binds approximately six nickel ions per homodimer, whereas H144*UreE (a functional C-terminal truncated variant) was previously reported to bind two. We determined the structure of H144*UreE by multi-wavelength anomalous diffraction and refined it to 1.5 Å resolution. The present structure reveals an Hsp40-like peptide-binding domain, an Atx1-like metal-binding domain, and a flexible C terminus. Three metal-binding sites per dimer, defined by structural analysis of Cu-H144*UreE, are on the opposite face of the Atx1-like domain than observed in the copper metallochaperone. One metal bridges the two subunits via the pair of His-96 residues, whereas the other two sites involve metal coordination by His-110 and His-112 within each subunit. In contrast to the copper metallochaperone mechanism involving thiol ligand exchanges between structurally similar chaperones and target proteins, we propose that the Hsp40-like module interacts with urease apoprotein and/or other urease accessory proteins, while the Atx1-like domain delivers histidyl-bound nickel to the urease active site.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Dec 28|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology