Crystal structure refinement of (Ba1-xLax)[Mg(1+x)/3Nb (2-x)/3]O3 with 0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.7 by Rietveld method

Hyun Min Park, Hwack Joo Lee, Yong Won Song, Yang Koo Cho, Sahn Nahm, Jae Dong Byun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Crystal structures of (Ba1-xLax)[Mg(1+x)/3Nb (2-x)/3]O3 (BLMN) with 0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.7 were analyzed using the X-ray Rietveld refinement. The evolution of the X-ray powder pattern could be explained by the presence of 1:1 ordering of the B-site cation and the antiphase tilting of the oxygen octahedra, which were further confirmed by the observation of the antiphase boundary (APB) for the ordering and the ferroelastic domain boundaries for oxygen tilting by TEM. The crystal structure, which has only the 1:1 ordering of the B-site cation, has the space group of Fm3̄m (225), and that which has both the 1:1 ordered and the antiphase tilting of oxygen octahedra has the space group of I4/m (87). For the quantitative analysis of X-ray diffraction data, a new concept of the two-phase mixture of phase (Fm3̄m) and phase (I4/m) was employed in these systems. The obtained results were better than others, which employed only one single phase. The molar weight of the I4/m phase in a mixture increased as the La content in the BLMN system increased from 11.5% (x = 0.3) to 24.3% (x = 0.7).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2163-2174
Number of pages12
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work has been supported by the Korean Ministry of Science and Technology.


  • A. inorganic compound
  • B. Rietveld
  • C. X-ray diffraction
  • D. crystal structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Crystal structure refinement of (Ba1-xLax)[Mg(1+x)/3Nb (2-x)/3]O3 with 0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.7 by Rietveld method'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this