Energy demand is continuously increasing, due to rapid growth accompanying the development of population and industrialization. Because of the fossil sources are not keeping pace with the spiraling consumption, the over exploitation of nature resource results more environmental deterioration, which is not only in developing countries, but in some of the developed countries. Biomass, with its economic and environmentally-friendly properties, has been widely employed in biorefineries to recuperate from the scarcity of fossil fuels. Moreover, with the development of technology, recent research has upgraded the acceleration of biomass utilization. To date, the fourth generation of biomass, organic waste, has been widely applied, and multiple target products of biomass conversion are available. The present review article aims to highlight the various biochemical processes for the conversion of organic wastes into valuable products.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Advanced Biomass R&D Center ( ABC-2011-0031360 ) of the Global Frontier Project funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korean Government (MSIP) (No. 2014R1A2A2A01007321). And it was also supported by the Industry-Academic Collaboration Foundation of Kwangwoon University (2015).
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Organic waste
- Valuable chemicals
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment