Current Status of Organic Matters in Bottled Drinking Water in Korea

Inbo Park, Wonseok Yang, Dong Kwon Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Microplastics may be ubiquitous across ecosystems, yet the current state of exposure to microplastics in daily life remains poorly understood. We focused on drinking water in plastic bottles purchased from a local market in South Korea. The composition, amount, and size of organic matter in solid residues obtained by freeze-drying drinking water in a plastic bottle were determined using analytical methods including dry ashing, centrifugation, Raman analysis, and electron microscopy. A significant amount of organic matter was found in the plastic bottles (0.25−2.0 mg/L), and once the organic matter was concentrated and dried as a solid, it was not soluble in water. In addition, a series of stress to the plastic bottle, such as light, heat, and mechanical stress, did not significantly increase the organic matter within a month. The potential adverse effects of organic matter on humans were evaluated using the human intestinal Caco-2 cell line. The results showed no significant toxicity in cell viability even at relatively high concentrations of organic matter (1.0 mg/mL). However, the monitoring of the accumulation of organic matter in the human body over a longer period of time will be needed because of the higher probability of nanoscale material uptake in the long term.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)738-748
Number of pages11
JournalACS ES and T Water
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 13

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Chemical Society.


  • bottled drinking water
  • freeze-drying
  • microplastic
  • organic matter
  • residual solid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Chemistry


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