Customised fabrication of nitrogen-doped biochar for environmental and energy applications

Zhonghao Wan, Yuqing Sun, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Eakalak Khan, Alex C.K. Yip, Yun Hau Ng, Jörg Rinklebe, Yong Sik Ok

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

177 Citations (Scopus)


Global warming, environmental pollution, and energy shortage are causing severe environmental concerns for sustainable development. Conversion of various renewable biowastes into value-added carbon-based materials can be a promising option to alleviate these issues. The emergence of nitrogen (N)-doped biochar provides a versatile electroactive candidate suitable for environmental and energy applications. In this review, we scrutinise and highlight the customised production of N-doped biochars and their up-to-date applications in environmental remediation, energy storage, and biorefinery fields. With a comprehensive overview on the original precursor, the interspecies conversion, and the ultimate deactivation of various N-dopants in biochar-based carbocatalysis, their formation mechanisms, distinct electrochemical characteristics, fate in the environmental and energy applications, and electrochemical behaviour can be thoroughly analysed. Contemporary challenges that require to be addressed and perspectives on improving N-doping technique on biochar are articulated. Overall, this review helps to provide new insights into the customised production of N-doped biochar for its broader applications in sustainable carbocatalysis and green chemistry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126136
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.


  • Advanced oxidation processes
  • Electroactive components
  • Engineered biochar
  • Green catalyst
  • Nitrogen doping
  • Sustainable waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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