Copper sulfate (CuSO4) is actively used to control the proliferation of harmful algal blooms because of its fast and effective killing mechanism. However, its use unintentionally harms innocuous aquatic organisms. Therefore, there is a need to find non-toxic solutions for controlling algal blooms. In this study, Cu-based metal-organic framework (Cu-BDC MOF) chips (ca. 2 × 2 cm) were synthesized using waste polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles. The as-synthesized Cu-BDC MOF chips efficiently inhibited the cyanobacteria species Microcystis aeruginosa, which was comparable to the conventional dose of CuSO4 algaecide (1.00 mg L−1). Moreover, unlike the CuSO4 algaecide, Cu-BDC MOF chips did not cause any acute toxicity (48 h) to the water flea Daphnia magna. Both Cu-BDC MOF and Cu2O seemed to be responsible for the generation of reactive oxygen species, which resulted in the aggregation, photosynthesis disruption, and eventually growth inhibition of M. aeruginosa. This study suggests that the environmentally safe Cu-BDC MOF chip is a promising agent to sustainably control harmful algal blooms.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The study was supported by the Basic Science Research Program ( NRF-2021R1A6A1A10045235 ) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education .
© 2023 Elsevier Inc.
- Aquatic toxicity
- Metal-organic frameworks
- Plastic waste
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)