Decoding accuracy in supplementary motor cortex correlates with perceptual sensitivity to tactile roughness

Junsuk Kim, Yoon Gi Chung, Jang Yeon Park, Soon Cheol Chung, Christian Wallraven, Heinrich H. Bülthoff, Sung Phil Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Perceptual sensitivity to tactile roughness varies across individuals for the same degree of roughness. A number of neurophysiological studies have investigated the neural substrates of tactile roughness perception, but the neural processing underlying the strong individual differences in perceptual roughness sensitivity remains unknown. In this study, we explored the human brain activation patterns associated with the behavioral discriminability of surface texture roughness using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). First, a wholebrain searchlight multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) was used to find brain regions from which we could decode roughness information. The searchlight MVPA revealed four brain regions showing significant decoding results: the supplementary motor area (SMA), contralateral postcentral gyrus (S1), and superior portion of the bilateral temporal pole (STP). Next, we evaluated the behavioral roughness discrimination sensitivity of each individual using the just-noticeable difference (JND) and correlated this with the decoding accuracy in each of the four regions. We found that only the SMA showed a significant correlation between neuronal decoding accuracy and JND across individuals; Participants with a smaller JND (i.e., better discrimination ability) exhibited higher decoding accuracy from their voxel response patterns in the SMA. Our findings suggest that multivariate voxel response patterns presented in the SMA represent individual perceptual sensitivity to tactile roughness and people with greater perceptual sensitivity to tactile roughness are likely to have more distinct neural representations of different roughness levels in their SMA.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0129777
JournalPloS one
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 11

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Kim et al.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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