Deep tissue penetration of nanoparticles using pulsed-high intensity focused ultrasound

Dong Gil You, Hong Yeol Yoon, Sangmin Jeon, Wooram Um, Sejin Son, Jae Hyung Park, Ick Chan Kwon, Kwangmeyung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, ultrasound (US)-based drug delivery strategies have received attention to improve enhanced permeation and retention (EPR) effect-based passive targeting efficiency of nanoparticles in vitro and in vivo conditions. Among the US treatment techniques, pulsed-high intensity focused ultrasound (pHIFU) have specialized for improving tissue penetration of various macromolecules and nanoparticles without irreversible tissue damages. In this study, we have demonstrated that pHIFU could be utilized to improve tissue penetration of fluorescent dye-labeled glycol chitosan nanoparticles (FCNPs) in femoral tissue of mice. pHIFU could improve blood flow of the targeted-blood vessel in femoral tissue. In addition, tissue penetration of FCNPs was specifically increased 5.7-, 8-and 9.3-folds than that of non-treated (0 W pHIFU) femoral tissue, when the femoral tissue was treated with 10, 20 and 50 W of pHIFU, respectively. However, tissue penetration of FCNPs was significantly reduced after 3 h post-pHIFU treatment (50 W). Because overdose (50 W) of pHIFU led to irreversible tissue damages, including the edema and chapped red blood cells. These overall results support that pHIFU treatment can enhance the extravasation and tissue penetration of FCNPs as well as induce irreversible tissue damages. We expect that our results can provide advantages to optimize pHIFU-mediated delivery strategy of nanoparticles for further clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number30
JournalNano Convergence
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2017.


  • Drug delivery
  • Nanoparticle
  • Pulsed-high intensity focused ultrasound
  • Tissue penetration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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