Degree distributions under general node removal: Power-law or Poisson

Mi Jin Lee, Jung Ho Kim, Kwang Il Goh, Sang Hoon Lee, Seung Woo Son, Deok Sun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Perturbations made to networked systems may result in partial structural loss, such as a blackout in a power-grid system. Investigating the resulting disturbance in network properties is quintessential to understand real networks in action. The removal of nodes is a representative disturbance, but previous studies are seemingly contrasting about its effect on arguably the most fundamental network statistic, the degree distribution. The key question is about the functional form of the degree distributions that can be altered during node removal or sampling. The functional form is decisive in the remaining subnetwork's static and dynamical properties. In this work, we clarify the situation by utilizing the relative entropies with respect to the reference distributions in the Poisson and power-law form, to quantify the distance between the subnetwork's degree distribution and either of the reference distributions. Introducing general sequential node removal processes with continuously different levels of hub protection to encompass a series of scenarios including uniform random removal and preferred or protective (i.e., biased random) removal of the hub, we classify the altered degree distributions starting from various power-law forms by comparing two relative entropy values. From the extensive investigation in various scenarios based on direct node-removal simulations and by solving the rate equation of degree distributions, we discover in the parameter space two distinct regimes, one where the degree distribution is closer to the power-law reference distribution and the other closer to the Poisson distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064309
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Physical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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