Dependence of optical and electrical properties on Ag thickness in TiO2/Ag/TiO2 multilayer films for photovoltaic devices

Jun Ho Kim, Han Kyeol Lee, Jin Young Na, Sun Kyung Kim, Young Zo Yoo, Tae Yeon Seong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


We report on the formation of highly transparent and low conductance TiO2/Ag/TiO2 multilayer films with high figure of merit (FOM). The optical and electrical properties of the multilayer films were investigated as a function of Ag layer thickness. As the Ag thickness increased, the transmission window narrowed and the transmittance was gradually lowered. The TiO2/Ag/TiO2 multilayer films have the highest transmittance of 86.3-97% at 591 nm for different Ag thicknesses. The relationship between transmittance and TiO2 thickness was simulated using the scattering matrix method to understand the abnormally high transmittance. As the Ag thickness increased from 15 to 25 nm, the carrier concentration of the TiO2/Ag/TiO2 samples gradually increased from 6.18×1021 to 1.07×1022 cm-3 and the mobility also increased from 16.7 to 25.2 cm2/V-s. Meanwhile, the sheet resistance slightly decreased from 6.17 to 2.27 Ω⧺q with the Ag thickness. The TiO2/Ag/TiO2 multilayer (with Ag thicknesses of 17-21 nm) had Haacke's FOMs of 121×10-3-157.2×10-3 Ω-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8059-8063
Number of pages5
JournalCeramics International
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Korea Evaluation Institute of Industrial Technology (Grant no. 10049601 ). S.-K.K. acknowledges support of this work by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning ( NRF-2013R1A1A1059423 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.


  • Ag
  • D. TiO
  • Multilayer
  • Transparent conducting electrode

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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