This study introduces an efficient process that combines a gas phase reaction method and nanoscale Kirkendall diffusion for the large-scale production of metal-oxide hollow nanopowders. Core-shell-structured NiO@SiO2 nanopowders prepared by flame spray pyrolysis are transformed into hollow NiO@SiO2 nanopowders via a nanoscale Kirkendall diffusion process. The SiO2 coating layer plays a key role in preventing the sintering and growth of the Ni or NiO nanopowders during the preparation process. The mean size of hollow core and shell thickness of the hollow NiO nanopowders are 11 and 7 nm, respectively. At a current density of 0.5 A g-1, the NiO@SiO2 nanopowders with hollow and filled structures exhibit 100th cycle discharge capacities of 885 and 338 mA h g-1, respectively. In addition, the hollow NiO@SiO2 nanopowders, which exhibit low charge transfer resistances and fast Li-ion diffusion rates, also show better cycling and rate performance than the nanopowders with filled structures.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korea Government (MEST) ( NRF-2015R1A2A1A15056049 ).
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.
- Flame spray pyrolysis
- Kirkendall diffusion
- Lithium ion battery
- Nickel oxide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry