Design of nanoscale enzyme complexes based on various scaffolding materials for biomass conversion and immobilization

Jeong Eun Hyeon, Sang Kyu Shin, Sung Ok Han

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


The utilization of scaffolds for enzyme immobilization involves advanced bionanotechnology applications in biorefinery fields, which can be achieved by optimizing the function of various enzymes. This review presents various current scaffolding techniques based on proteins, microbes and nanomaterials for enzyme immobilization, as well as the impact of these techniques on the biorefinery of lignocellulosic materials. Among them, architectural scaffolds have applied to useful strategies for protein engineering to improve the performance of immobilized enzymes in several industrial and research fields. In complexed enzyme systems that have critical roles in carbon metabolism, scaffolding proteins assemble different proteins in relatively durable configurations and facilitate collaborative protein interactions and functions. Additionally, a microbial strain, combined with designer enzyme complexes, can be applied to the immobilizing scaffold because the in vivo immobilizing technique has several benefits in enzymatic reaction systems related to both synthetic biology and metabolic engineering. Furthermore, with the advent of nanotechnology, nanomaterials possessing ideal physicochemical characteristics, such as mass transfer resistance, specific surface area and efficient enzyme loading, can be applied as novel and interesting scaffolds for enzyme immobilization. Intelligent application of various scaffolds to couple with nanoscale engineering tools and metabolic engineering technology may offer particular benefits in research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1386-1396
Number of pages11
JournalBiotechnology Journal
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 1


  • Cell surface anchoring
  • Designer enzyme
  • Nanoparticle
  • Scaffold
  • Whole-cell biocatalyst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine


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