Detailed comparison of the operational characteristics of energy-conserving HVAC systems during the cooling season

Chul Ho Kim, Seung Eon Lee, Kwang Ho Lee, Kang Soo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


To provide useful information concerning energy-conserving heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems, this study used EnergyPlus to analyze in detail their operational characteristics and energy performance. This study also aimed to understand the features of the systems under consideration by investigating the dry-bulb temperature, relative humidity, and airflow rate at major nodes in each system's schematic. Furthermore, we analyzed the indoor environment created by each HVAC system, as well as examining the cooling energy consumptions and CO2 emissions. The HVAC systems selected for this study are the variable air volume (VAV) commonly used in office buildings (base-case model), constant air volume (CAV), under-floor air distribution (UFAD), and active chilled beam (ACB) with dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS). For the same indoor set-point temperature, the CAV's supply airflow was the highest, and VAV and UFAD were operated by varying the airflow rate according to the change of the space thermal load. ACB with DOAS was analyzed as being able to perform air conditioning only with the supply airflow constantly fixed at a minimum outdoor air volume. The primary cooling energy was increased by about 23.3% by applying CAV, compared to VAV. When using the UFAD and ACB with DOAS, cooling energy was reduced by 11.3% and 23.1% compared with VAV, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4160
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 31

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was supported by a grant (19AUDP-B079104-06) from Architecture and Urban Development Research Program funded by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Korean government.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors.


  • Active chilled beam (ACB) with dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS)
  • CO emissions
  • Energy-conserving HVAC systems
  • EnergyPlus
  • Primary energy consumption
  • Underfloor air distribution (UFAD)
  • Variable air volume (VAV)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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