Developing spatial agricultural drought risk index with controllable geo-spatial indicators: A case study for South Korea and Kazakhstan

Sea Jin Kim, Sugyeong Park, Soo Jeong Lee, Altynay Shaimerdenova, Jiwon Kim, Eunbeen Park, Wona Lee, Gang Sun Kim, Nahui Kim, Tae Hyung Kim, Chul Hee Lim, Yuyoung Choi, Woo Kyun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Constant environmental degradation and increased frequency and severity of natural disasters have been evident over the past few decades worldwide. As such, scientific tools to predict and assess risks keep being developed. Assessing disaster risk is an important task in supporting the transition to a sustainable society. However, as disasters and systems become more complex, disaster models combining diverse aspects including climatic, social, economic, and environmental factors are necessary. For this study, we set a model using the concept of risk by identifying hazards, exposure, and vulnerability. Here, the vulnerability was classified into two domains, sensitivity and adaptive capacity, and two spheres, natural/built environment and human environment. Also, we stressed that controllable geo-spatial indicators should be included in risk assessments to effectively reduce risk and implement adequate spatio-temporal actions. The approach of this study was applied to Kazakhstan and South Korea as a pilot study to develop Agricultural Drought Risk Index (ADRI) and maps. As a result, the agricultural drought risk could be analyzed for South Korea and Kazakhstan. In addition, we performed additional spatial analyses at a reasonable scale for practical use. It was concluded that prioritizing risk areas at administrative and site level could contribute in decision and policy-making for risk reduction. Furthermore, spatial data availability and quality were found to be significant in assessing disaster risk.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102056
JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 15


  • Adaptive capacity
  • Agricultural drought risk index
  • Disaster
  • Risk
  • Sensitivity
  • Vulnerability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Safety Research
  • Geology


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