Development and validation of the information security attitude questionnaire (ISA-Q) for nurses

Jiwon Kang, Gyeong Ae Seomun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Aim: The aim of the study was to understand nurses' information security attitudes towards patient information. This study developed the Information Security Attitude Questionnaire (ISA-Q) to measure the physical, technical and administrative aspects of information security for nurses and assessed its validity and reliability. Design: Cross-sectional study and scale development. Methods: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and correlation analyses were performed to assess construct, discriminant and convergent validity; Cronbach's α and test–retest reliability were examined. Results: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses yielded a 6-factor, 30-item solution. Six factors accounted for 60.19% of the total variance. The confirmatory factor analysis was achieved through structural equation modelling. Discriminant and convergent validity were confirmed. The internal consistency of the ISA-Q was 0.94, and the test–retest reliability was 0.74. The ISA-Q is an appropriate questionnaire for identifying information security attitudes of nurses, making it useful for developing systematic performance methods to enhance nurses' information security levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)850-860
Number of pages11
JournalNursing Open
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Feb

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by grants from Korea University Nursing Research Institute; 2022.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Nursing Open published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


  • administrative
  • information security
  • physical
  • questionnaire development
  • technical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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