Development of a new time-integrative sampler using in situ solvent extraction

Jung Hwan Kwon, Min Ji Kim, Su Jin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Despite the great success of time-weighted average passive sampling of hydrophobic contaminants, such as PCBs and PAHs, the sampling of polar organic compounds still presents a challenge because the equilibrium between water and most sampling phases is attained in a relatively short time. In this study, we proposed a new time-integrative sampler using in situ solvent extraction (TISIS) for polar organic chemicals. The sampler was composed of a 15cm poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) tubing, with an internal diameter of 0.5mm and wall thickness of 0.5mm, through which an extraction solvent (acetonitrile) was passed. Four polar organic contaminants, caffeine, atrazine, diuron and 17α-ethynylestradiol, were chosen for the evaluation of the performance of the sampler. Without the use of in situ solvent extraction, the PDMS tubing when exposed to a constant aqueous concentration of the four model compounds was able to linearly accumulate those compounds for less than 12h and equilibrium between the PDMS tubing and water was attained in 2d under our laboratory conditions. However, TISIS when exposed to a constant aqueous concentration was able to linearly accumulate all the model compounds without any exposure time limitation. The measured sampling rates at three different extraction flow rates (0.2, 0.5, 1.5mLmin-1) were similar, regardless of the chemicals, indicating that the overall mass transfer from aqueous solution to the extraction solvent was most likely dominated by partitioning to the PDMS tubing and the internal diffusion within PDMS. In addition, a pulsed exposure experiment confirmed that TISIS operated in a time-integrative mode when the environmental concentration was highly fluctuated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-197
Number of pages8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (Nos. 2008-0062072 and 2009-0065352).

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Environmental monitoring
  • Passive sampling
  • Polar organic compounds
  • Poly(dimethylsiloxane)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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