Development of an X-Shape airlift photobioreactor for increasing algal biomass and biodiesel production

Hoang Minh Pham, Ho Seok Kwak, Min Eui Hong, Jeewon Lee, Won Seok Chang, Sang Jun Sim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this work was to develop a high efficient photobioreactor for increasing biomass and lipid production in microalgae by assessment of the hydrodynamic properties and kLa which are important parameters for improving the algal cultivation efficiency. We designed three different photobioreactors (H-Shape, X-Shape and serial-column). Among them, X-Shape showed the highest hydrodynamic properties and kLa for algal cultivation. Thus, we evaluated the biomass and the lipid production in a 20 L scale-up X-Shape photobioreactor. The biomass and lipid production from X-Shape photobioreactor are 1.359 ± 0.007 g L−1 and 117.624 ± 3.522 mg L−1, respectively; which are 30.05% and 23.49% higher than those from the control photobioreactor. Finally, we observed the lipid from X-Shape had high MUFAs, CN and low IV, which is suitable for high quality of biodiesel, suggesting that it can be practicably utilized for mass production of algal biofuel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-218
Number of pages8
JournalBioresource technology
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning and Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy of Korea as part of the “Energy Efficiency and Resources Technology R&D” project Korea [grant number 20152010201900]; and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) [grant number NRF-2016R1A2A1A05005465/2010-0027955]; and the Korea CCS R&D Center of the NRF funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning of Korea grant [grant number 2014M1A8A1049278].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd


  • Biomass and biodiesel production
  • Hydrodynamic properties
  • Mass transfer coefficient
  • Microalgae
  • Photobioreactor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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