Development of concentrator modules with dome-shaped fresnel lenses and triple-junction concentrator cells

Kenji Araki, Hisafumi Uozumi, Toshio Egami, Masao Hiramatsu, Yoshinori Miyazaki, Yoshishige Kemmoku, Atsushi Akisawa, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, H. S. Lee, Masafumi Yamaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


The status of the development of a new concentrator module in Japan is discussed based on three arguments, performance, reliability and cost. We have achieved a 26·6% peak uncorrected efficiency from a 7056 cm2 400× module with 36 solar cells connected in series, measured in house. The peak uncorrected efficiencies of the same type of the module with 6 solar cells connected in series and 1176 cm2 area measured by Fraunhofer ISE and NREL are reported as 27·4% and 24·8% respectively. The peak uncorrected efficiency for a 550× and 5445 cm2 module with 20 solar cells connected in series was 28·9% in house. The temperature-corrected efficiency of the 550× module under optimal solar irradiation condition was 31·5 ± 1·7%. In terms of performance, the annual power generation is discussed based on a side-by-side evaluation against a 14% commercial multicrystalline silicon module. For reliability, some new degradation modes inherent to high concentration III-V solar cell system are discussed and a 20-year lifetime under concentrated flux exposure proven. The fail-safe issues concerning the concentrated sunlight are also discussed. Moreover, the overall scenario for the reduction of material cost is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-527
Number of pages15
JournalProgress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Sept
Externally publishedYes


  • Concentrator cells
  • Concentrators
  • Encapsulation
  • High-efficiency
  • Multijunction solar cell
  • PV module

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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