Development of conceptual model of construction factory for automated construction

Dae Won Kim, Sung Hoon An, Hunhee Cho, Jae Weon Jeong, Bo Hyeong Lee, Nakju Lett Doh, Kyung In Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The building construction industry has adapted well to the need to overcome traditional problems of safety, productivity, and quality on construction sites. Advanced technologies and systems developed outside the building industry are also being introduced to meet the new demands of today's challenges. In particular, the high-tech robots used in the erection of structural steel frames in high-rise buildings in order not to expose human workers to unsafe conditions. In addition, an automated construction system based on improved bolting robots has been developed in Korea. However, the harsh environment of construction sites adversely affects the various sensitive machines, sensors, and devices that comprise the robot construction systems. To minimize the effects of the adverse environment on robot performance, it is believed that a Construction Factory (CF) is required. This is a special workspace providing a stable and favourable work environment for the construction robot. In this study, we developed several CF alternatives for the realization of more desirable automated construction environment, and evaluated them from the aspects of wind speed and air temperature using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation. The results showed that a CF with a closed roof and bottom was the best CF option for robot construction, and it can be helpful to reduce the potential cost overruns and time delays for CF construction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1634-1642
Number of pages9
JournalBuilding and Environment
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Institute of Construction & Transportation Technology Evaluation and Planning (KICTEP) (Program No.: 06-Unified Construction Technology Program-D01).


  • Automated construction
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Conceptual model
  • Construction factory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction


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