Development of Dopant-Free Donor-Acceptor-type Hole Transporting Material for Highly Efficient and Stable Perovskite Solar Cells

Jin Hyuck Heo, Sungmin Park, Sang Hyuk Im, Hae Jung Son

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41 Citations (Scopus)


In perovskite solar cells (PSCs), overlying hole transporting materials (HTMs) are important for achieving high efficiencies as well as protecting perovskite active layers from degradation factors. This study reports the synthesis of a dopant-free HTM based on a D′-A-D-A-D-A-D′ (D, D′: electron donor, A: electron acceptor) conjugated structure and incorporation of the HTM into a PSC. The resulting PSC exhibits a high efficiency of 17.3%, which is comparable to that of the device based on doped spiro-OMeTAD HTM, and exhibits much improved stability: without encapsulation, the PSC based on the new HTM was found to retain 80% of its initial performance over 500 h under the conditions of 60% relative humidity/1 sun light-soaking without encapsulation. The high performance is attributed to efficient hole-extraction/collection and hole transport. We demonstrate that the extended π-structure of the D′-A-D-A-D-A-D′-type HTM slows moisture intrusion and protects the perovskite layer better than smaller D-A-type molecules. The improved stability is primarily due to the hydrophobic nature of the HTM; the relatively large π-conjugated molecule forms denser films, which effectively decrease the spaces between the molecules and retard water intrusion. The dopant-free D-A-type HTM with an extended π-structure is effective not only in improving device efficiency, but also device stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39511-39518
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number45
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Global Frontier R&D Program on Center for Multiscale Energy System (NRF-2016M3A6A7945505) by the National Research Foundation under the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning, Korea; this work was also supported by the KIST institutional programs and New and Renewable Energy Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Ministry of Knowledge Economy (MKE) (20163030013620).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Chemical Society.


  • dopant-free
  • hole transporting material
  • perovskite solar cells
  • power conversion efficiency
  • solar cell stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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