Development of Expanded Steel Pipe Pile to Enhance Bearing Capacity

Junghoon Kim, Uiseok Kim, Byungchan Min, Hangseok Choi, Sangwoo Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


An expanded steel pipe pile increases the cross-sectional area of conventional micropile by expanding the steel pipe to exhibit a higher bearing capacity owing to increased frictional resistance. However, construction cases of the expanded steel pipe pile are insufficient due to the absence of equipment for expanding steel pipes inside the ground. In this study, hydraulic expansion equipment was developed to verify the reinforcing impact on the bearing capacity and field applicability of the expanded steel pipe pile. A series of laboratory and test bed experiments was conducted to measure the expansion time and deformation of carbon steel pipes by using the developed equipment. The results of these experiments demonstrated that the developed equipment has sufficient ability and constructability to be used in the field for constructing expanded steel pipe piles. Then, field load tests were performed by constructing expanded and conventional steel pipe piles to confirm the improved bearing capacity of the expanded steel pipe pile compared to that of the conventional micropile. As a result, the expanded steel pipe pile exhibited a 20.88% increase in bearing capacity compared to that of the conventional steel pipe pile.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3077
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by grant number (21CTAP-C152159-03) from the Korea Agency for Infrastructure Technology Advancement and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MOE) (2020R1A6A1A03045059).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Bearing capacity of micropile
  • Expanded steel pipe pile
  • Expansion equipment for steel pipe
  • Micropile
  • Steel pipe pile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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