Dietary factors and eating behaviors affecting diet-induced thermogenesis in obese individuals: A systematic review

Mi Young Park, Jisu Kim, Nana Chung, Hun Young Park, Hyejung Hwang, Jin Soo Han, Jae Moo So, Chi Ho Lee, Jonghoon Park, Kiwon Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Obese individuals are considered to have lower energy expenditure (EE) rates than non-obese individuals. We aimed to investigate the effects of various factors related to food intake on diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) in the EE of obese individuals. Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we reviewed relevant literature from PubMed, Embase, and Medline databases from study inception till the end of July 2019. Studies on dietary factors affecting DIT in obese individuals were included. Fifteen studies were included; these studies assessed macronutrient, single-nutri-ent, or supplement meal compositions, as well as dietary patterns and behaviors. The effect of obesity on DIT was not constant in each study. Differences in DIT pertained to the protein ratio being higher than the fat ratio or the carbohydrate ratio being higher than the fat ratio. High intake of calcium and vitamin D as well as high-oleic peanut supplements increased DIT in obese people. In addition, ascorbic acid intake, fatty acid saturation, and the chain length of various fatty acids had no effects on DIT. In conclusion, the findings suggest that in obese individuals, DIT is associated with various factors related to meal, nutrient, and dietary habits. However, because of the complexity of the relationship between DIT and obesity, it is difficult to determine the critical element underlying this association.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2019S1A5B8099542 and NRF-2017R1D1A1B03035284). This paper was supported by the KU Research Professor Program of Konkuk University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Center for Academic Publications Japan. All rights reserved.


  • Calcium
  • Diet-induced thermogenesis
  • Energy expenditure
  • Food consumption
  • Vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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