Different Effect of Cloud Seeding on Three Dam Basins, Korea

Jeong Hyeok Ma, Chulsang Yoo, Sung Uk Song, Wooyoung Na, Eunsaem Cho, Sang Keun Song, Ki Ho Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This study shows that cloud seeding should be planned by considering the dam reservoir characteristics as well as the dam basin characteristics. First, the collection efficiency of increased rainfall by cloud seeding is compared for three dam basins (Boryeong Dam, Yongdam Dam, and Namgang Dam basins) located in the western part of the Korean Peninsula. Second, the additional runoff volumes in those three basins from cloud seeding are compared with each other. Finally, the change in water supply capacity is evaluated by considering the dam reservoir operation and planned water supply. In this study, cloud seeding is simulated using the WRF−ARW model, and, additionally, four different rainfall data generated by considering the scenarios of a rainfall increase of 5, 10, 15, and 20% are used for more practical evaluation. The results in this study show that the situation in Boryeong Dam basin is better than in the other two dam basins. More active cloud seeding is necessary in the Yongdam Dam and Namgang Dam basins. However, it has also been found that cloud seeding alone cannot solve the water supply problems in those two dam basins. The above findings also indicate that cloud seeding should be carefully planned. It can vary dam-by-dam. Cloud seeding might be effective every season in one dam, but only in Spring in another dam basin, while in other dams, summer or fall season might be the best option. The target increase of rainfall is also an important issue. Just a mild increase could be better in one dam, but it can be important to secure much more rainfall in other dams. Even though the three dams considered in this study are located in practically the same climatic zone, the conditions required for cloud seeding differ completely.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2555
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jul

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (No. NRF-2021R1A5A1032433) and the National Institute of Meteorological Sciences (NIMS) through Research on Weather Modification and Cloud Physics (KMA2018-00224).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.


  • cloud seeding
  • rainfall–runoff analysis
  • water securement
  • water supply

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology


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