Different Methods and Formulations of Drugs and Vaccines for Nasal Administration

Junhu Tai, Munsoo Han, Dabin Lee, Il Ho Park, Sang Hag Lee, Tae Hoon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Nasal drug delivery is advantageous when compared with other routes of drug delivery as it avoids the hepatic first-pass effect, blood–brain barrier penetration, and compliance issues with parenteral administration. However, nasal administration also has some limitations, such as its low bioavailability due to metabolism on the mucosal surface, and irreversible damage to the nasal mucosa due to the ingredients added into the formula. Moreover, the method of nasal administration is not applicable to all drugs. The current review presents the nasal anatomy and mucosal environment for the nasal delivery of vaccines and drugs, as well as presents various methods for enhancing nasal absorption, and different drug carriers and delivery devices to improve nasal drug delivery. It also presents future prospects on the nasal drug delivery of vaccines and drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1073
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May
Externally publishedYes


  • drug delivery
  • immunity
  • intranasal
  • nanotechnology
  • vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science


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