Dimensional analysis and modelling of energy density of lithium-ion battery

Collins C. Kwasi-Effah, Timon Rabczuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


A number of literature studies have shown that the energy density of lithium ion battery depends majorly on the particle radius, diffusivity, electric conductivity and thickness of the electrode. However, since the discovery of these major parameters, there has been no significant breakthrough in the present design technology to achieve successful design application in the Electric Vehicle industry. The energy density still ranges around 250Wh/kg on improvement and is insignificant compared to the energy produced by the internal combustion engine. Therefore, in this paper dimensional analysis is applied to lithium ion battery's energy density in order to obtain the sets of parameters that influence the performance with cathode material as reference. Five different cathode materials including; LiMn2O4, LiFePO4, LiCoO2, LiV6O13, and LiTiS2 were used and the ranges for all material properties was selected based on reported data from literature. In order to bridge the gap in literature towards predicting the amount of energy obtainable from a specific electrode design, an empirical energy density model is proposed. Result showed that the specific modulus of the battery's electrode is a dominant factor for improving the energy density of the lithium ion battery compared to the particle radius, diffusivity and electrode thickness. Thus, in order to achieve a significant breakthrough, electrodes with high specific modulus are required. Designing an electrode with the characteristics of very low density, high compressibility factor, and high young modulus is necessary for an improved system performance. Thus, material combination of LiCoO2/Aqueous-Lithium-air could give a practical breakthrough in achieving very high specific modulus and consequently high energy density. It is therefore suggested that focus on the mechanical/elastic property should not be geared only to its durability but also towards the energy density.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-315
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd


  • Battery
  • Dimensional analysis
  • Energy density
  • Lithium ion
  • Modelling
  • Specific stiffness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Dimensional analysis and modelling of energy density of lithium-ion battery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this