Direct Alcohol-Fueled Low-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: A Review

Byung Chan Yang, Junmo Koo, Jeong Woo Shin, Dohyun Go, Joon Hyung Shim, Jihwan An

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LT-SOFCs, operating temperature≤600 °C) are advantageous in potential applicability, affordability, and durability compared to conventional SOFCs (operating temperature: 800–1000 °C). Direct operation of LT-SOFCs on liquid alcohol fuels can further improve their portability as well as accessibility to the fuel. In this review, we overview the results of LT-SOFCs directly fueled by liquid alcohols that operate at 600 °C and below. Fundamentals regarding operation principles, losses, as well as reactions associated with liquid alcohol-fueled LT-SOFCs are presented. The materials, structures, and fabrication processes of cell components, namely anode, electrolyte, and cathode, are mainly reviewed. The electrochemical performances of alcohol-fueled LT-SOFCs are also summarized and compared with those of H2-fueled LT-SOFCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-19
Number of pages15
JournalEnergy Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
J.A. acknowledges the financial support from National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2015R1D1 A1 A01058963 and NRF-2018R1C1 B6001150) and the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE), KOREA, through the Education Support program for Creative and Industrial Convergence (Grant Number: N0000717).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


  • Alcohols
  • Electrochemistry
  • Energy Conversion
  • Fuel Cells
  • Low-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (LT-SOFC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy


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