Does caries risk assessment predict the incidence of caries for special needs patients requiring general anesthesia?

Juhea Chang, Hae Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to correlate the caries-related variables of special needs patients to the incidence of new caries.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data for socio-demographic information and dental and general health status were obtained from 110 patients treated under general anesthesia because of their insufficient co-operation. The Cariogram program was used for risk assessment and other caries-related variables were also analyzed. Within a defined follow-up period (16.3 ± 9.5 months), 64 patients received dental examinations to assess newly developed caries.

RESULTS: At baseline, the mean (SD) values of the DMFT (decayed, missing and filled teeth) and DT (decayed teeth) for the total patients were 9.2 (6.5) and 5.8 (5.3), respectively. During the follow-up period, new caries occurred in 48.4% of the patients and the mean value (SD) of the increased DMFT (iDMFT) was 2.1 (4.2). The patients with a higher increment of caries (iDMFT ≥3) showed significantly different caries risk profiles compared to the other patients (iDMFT <2) (p < 0.05). Close correlations existed between the caries increment and several caries-related variables; baseline DMFT, insufficient self-tooth-brushing and malocclusion were greatly associated with new caries development.

CONCLUSIONS: Caries risk assessment could predict the incidence of future caries in hospital-based dentistry. Past caries experience and inadequate oral hygiene maintenance were largely related to caries development in special needs patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)721-728
Number of pages8
JournalActa Odontologica Scandinavica
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes


  • DMFT
  • caries risk assessment
  • cariogram
  • general anesthesia
  • intellectual disabilities
  • special needs patient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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