Does Healthy Food Access Matter in a French Urban Setting?

France Caillavet, Gayaneh Kyureghian, Rodolfo M. Nayga, Coline Ferrant, Pierre Chauvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Limited access to healthy food is commonly regarded as a contributing factor to poor dietary choices. The objective of this article is to test this hypothesis in a French context given France's increasing obesity rates and incidence of poor dietary habits. We use data on fruit and vegetable consumption frequency and different food retail availability measures, for example the number of food stores, food surface area, and a dispersion measure based on store numbers, store types, and food area surface, from several data sources in France. We also employ different types of geographic units when measuring the food retail environment and instrumental variable model specifications to test the robustness of our results, which indicate that fewer but larger retail outlets increase the odds of consuming the recommended level of fruit and vegetables. We also find that an increase in food supply dispersion will improve fruit and vegetable consumption in Paris, but not in its suburbs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1400-1416
Number of pages17
JournalAmerican Journal of Agricultural Economics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 The Author. All rights reserved.


  • Food access
  • French food retail
  • availability
  • endogeneity
  • fruits and vegetables

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics


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