Driver recognition of a run-over accident

S. J. Park, S. W. Chae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


If a driver passes over a pedestrian lying on the road and flees, it is considered a crime. In several cases, even if the driver fled and was arrested, he/she often asserts that they did not know that the victim was a human being. However, the investigation agency often believes that a driver can certainly recognize when he/she passes over a person. Accordingly, such cases frequently lead to disputes due to the lack of criteria for recognizing when a driver was involved in run-over accidents. In this study, tests were conducted both to identify if drivers can recognize whether their vehicles passed over a person and to examine how they feel at the time. A silicon dummy, which was manufactured to have the same characteristic as the human chest, was used in this study. According to the method specified in ISO2631, the vibration delivered to the driver was measured, and eighteen participants drove a vehicle over the silicon dummy to experience how the vibrations felt. When the passenger car for the test ran over the dummy at speeds ranging from 10 km/h to 60 km/h, all participants recognized the delivered vibration, and the VDV that was delivered to the participants ranged from 1.81 m/s 1.75 to 2.38 m/s 1.75. The participants thought that the object they drove over was a stone or a piece of wood. This indicates that the driver certainly can recognize the vibrations generated from passing over a human chest even though it feels like a solid object.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-475
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Automotive Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Apr


  • Frequency weighting
  • Pedestrian
  • Silicon dummy
  • Traffic accident
  • VDV
  • Whole-body vibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering


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