“Drop-on-textile” patternable aqueous PEDOT composite ink providing highly stretchable and wash-resistant electrodes for electronic textiles

Min Jung Kye, Jinhan Cho, Jae Chul Yu, Young Wook Chang, Jihye Han, Eunji Lee, Ho Sun Lim, Jung Ah Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


We demonstrate a direct-write patternable water-based poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly (styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) composite ink which is capable of providing highly stretchable and washing-resistant electrodes on a fabric substrate for electronic textile applications. An aqueous composite ink consisting of PEDOT:PSS, graphene oxide nanosheets and anionic polyurethane does readily not permeated into hygroscopic fabric, which facilitate direct drawing of fine PEDOT electrode on the fabric without undesired blur effect. This limited permeation of aqueous PEDOT composite ink on the hygroscopic fabric is mainly originated from the intermolecular interactions of anionic polyurethane including hydrogen bonding with water molecules, and charge balancing interactions with PEDOT chains. Furthermore, addition of the graphene oxide nanosheets contributes to enhance the electrical conductivity of the composite by improving crystallization of PEDOT molecules. The PEDOT composite film shows unique structure of the PEDOT nanofibril network embedded by the polyurethane matrix, which resulted in an enough electrical pathway for charge carriers even though only 2.9 wt% of PEDOT:PSS existed in the composite film. The PEDOT composite film exhibited electrical conductivity of 4.6 S/cm, extremely high stretchability of 375% rupture strain, and high durability for repeated washing process with strong bleaching agent. Light emitting diode incorporated on the stretchable spandex with interconnects of the PEDOT composite pattern showed that LED light intensity was almost maintained even with stretching of PEDOT interconnects to 290%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-158
Number of pages9
JournalDyes and Pigments
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (MSIP) ( 2017R1A2B2002721 , 2016R1A2B4012322 , 2015R1A2A1A01004354 ). This study was partially supported by the Future Resource Research Program of the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) ( 2E28200 ). This Research was supported by Sookmyung Women's University Research Grants ( 1-1603-2033 ). Appendix A

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd


  • Electronic textile
  • Patterning
  • Printing
  • Stretchable conductor
  • Wash-resistant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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