Dual-polarized wireless communications: From propagation models to system performance evaluation

Claude Oestges, Bruno Clerckx, Maxime Guillaud, Mérouane Debbah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

194 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we address the potential benefits of dual-polarized arrays in multi-antenna wireless systems. After an extensive literature overview of experimental data, we present a new and simple analytical framework to model dual-polarized Rayleigh and Ricean fading channels for arbitrary array sizes. The model relies on a limited number of physical parameters, such as the channel spatial correlations, the channel co-polar and the cross-polar ratios and the antenna cross-polar discrimination. Then, we investigate the multiplexing advantage of dual-polarized transmissions through the evaluation of the ergodic mutual information, for both TITO and MIMO systems. Finally, the performance of two space-time coding schemes (Alamouti O-STBC and uncoded Spatial Multiplexing) is evaluated via a detailed analysis of the pairwise error probability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4657346
Pages (from-to)4019-4031
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received May, 22, 2007; revised October 18, 2007 and May, 27, 2008; accepted July, 31, 2008. The associate editor coordinating the review of this paper and approving it for publication was Y. Gong. This work was supported in part by the Belgian Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique, France Telecom R&D, the EU Network of Excellence NEWCOM and the I0 strategic project of ftw. ftw. is supported by the Austrian Government and by the City of Vienna within the competence center program COMET.


  • MIMO
  • Mutual information
  • Polarization
  • Propagation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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