Durability properties of a concrete with waste glass sludge exposed to freeze-and-thaw condition and de-icing salt

Jihwan Kim, Jae Heum Moon, Jae Won Shim, Jongsung Sim, Hyeon Gi Lee, Goangseup Zi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


Waste glass sludge (WGS), a byproduct of glass plate manufacture, was used to improve the durability properties of concrete under an environmental condition of freezing and thawing, with the existence of de-icing salts. A total of five concrete mix proportions were prepared, by varying the amounts of WGS. In order to observe the effects and roles of WGS on the durability performances of concrete mixtures, compressive strength tests, freezing and thawing tests, chloride ion penetration and surface scaling were carried out. Test results showed that the incorporation of WGS as a partial replacement for cement has beneficial effects on the compressive strength of concrete, especially when used together with fly ash. Moreover, WGS improved the resistance of freezing and thawing with and without de-icing salts, the chloride ion penetration and the resistance of surface scaling of the concrete compared to the control mixture containing 20% fly ash as cement replacement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-402
Number of pages5
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sept 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2012R1A1B3004227), and supported by a Korea University Grant. The research funding was also supported by the Highway and Transportation Technology Institute of the Korea Highway Corporation.


  • Concrete
  • De-icing salts
  • Durability
  • Freezing and thawing
  • Strength
  • Waste glass sludge (WGS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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