Dynamic analysis of above-knee amputee gait

Tae Soo Bae, Kuiwon Choi, Daehie Hong, Museong Mun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)


Background: It is important to understand the characteristics of amputee gait to develop more functional prostheses. The aim of this study is to quantitatively evaluate amputee gait by dynamic analysis of the musculoskeletal system during level walking and stair climbing. Methods: Dynamic analysis using gait analysis, electromyography and musculoskeletal modeling for above-knee amputees (n = 8) and healthy adults (n = 10) was performed to evaluate the muscle balance, muscle force, and moment of each major muscle in each ambulatory task. Time-distance parameters and the kinematic parameter of gait analysis were calculated, and a root mean square electromyogram of major muscles and hamstring and tibialis anterior coactivity was measured using electromyography. Lastly, dynamic analyses of above-knee amputee gaits were performed using musculoskeletal models with scaled bones and redefined muscles for each subject. Findings: Most kinematic parameters showed statistically no difference among the tasks, excluding pelvic tilt, pelvic obliquity, and hip abduction. Major muscle activities and coactivities of the hamstring and tibialis anterior showed that the stair ascent task needed more muscle activity than the stair descent task and level walking. The muscle activity and coactivity of amputees were greater than those of healthy subjects, excluding the hamstring coactivity during stair ascent (P < 0.05). Lastly, dynamic analysis showed that weakened abductor and excessive adductor and then inadequate torque during all tasks were quantitatively observed. Interpretation: Dynamic analysis of amputee gait enabled us to quantify the contribution of major muscles at the hip and knee joint mainly in daily ambulatory tasks of above-knee amputees and may be helpful in designing functional prostheses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-566
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jun


  • Above-knee amputee
  • Dynamic analysis
  • Electromyography
  • Level walking
  • Musculoskeletal model
  • Stair climbing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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