Dynamic flexoelectric effect on piezoelectric nanostructures

B. H. Nguyen, S. S. Nanthakumar, X. Zhuang, P. Wriggers, X. Jiang, T. Rabczuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


Flexoelectricity, which represents the spontaneous electric polarization induced by the strain gradient, is a universal electromechanical coupling effect regardless of symmetry in all dielectric material. In solid dielectric material, the contribution from flexoelectricity can be due to four related phenomena: static and dynamic bulk flexoelectricity, surface flexoelectricity and surface piezoelectricity. While the surface flexoelectric effect can be negligible, the magnitude of the remaining three phenomena are comparable. Presently, the role of the static bulk flexoelectric and surface piezoelectric effects in the energy harvesters has been intensively studied, the contribution from dynamic flexoelectric effect remains unclear. In this work, based on the conventional beam theory, equations of motion considering dynamic flexoelectric effect are investigated. Consequently, the free vibration of the simply supported beam is studied in order to examine the influence of the dynamic flexoelectricity on natural frequency. From the numerical studies, it is found that dynamic flexoelectric effect is more influential on thick beam model and higher vibration modes. In addition, the results show that the relation between the static and dynamic flexoelectric coefficients can also alter the free vibration response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-409
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Mechanics, A/Solids
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sept 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the support from Alexander von Humboldt Foundation for the Sofja Kovalevskaja Project at Leibniz Universität Hannover.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS


  • Beam model
  • Dynamic flexoelectric
  • Flexoelectricity
  • Free vibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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