Dynamic tensile behavior of twinning-induced plasticity/low-carbon (TWIP/LC) steel clad sheets bonded by hot rolling

Minju Kang, Jaeyeong Park, Seok Su Sohn, Dong Hyun Ahn, Hyoung Seop Kim, Won Tae Cho, Kwang Geun Chin, Sunghak Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Commercialization of TWinning Induced Plasticity (TWIP) steels has been delayed because of deteriorated surface quality, delayed fracture, and liquid metal embrittlement in spite of their excellent tensile properties. In order to complement these drawbacks, TWIP/low-carbon (LC) steel clad sheets were fabricated by hot rolling, and their dynamic tensile properties were measured by a Hopkinson tensile bar. In all TWIP/LC clad sheets, TWIP/LC interfaces were well bonded without pores or voids by mechanical and metallurgical bonding. Thanks to well-activated dynamic Hall-Petch effect in the TWIP steel region of the clad sheets, the dynamic strength and ductility of the clad sheets were higher than quasi-static ones because the twin formation was more activated under the dynamic loading. They were also considerably higher than those calculated by a rule of mixtures because the interfacial area took most of dynamic applied tensile stress and strain. The present TWIP/LC clad sheets covered wide ranges of excellent dynamic tensile strength and ductility (e.g., 792–1076 MPa and 50–57%, respectively) by controlling the volume fraction of TWIP region, which can readily discover new applications for automotive structural steel sheets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-396
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 17
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by POSCO under a contract No. 2014Y015 and by Brain Korea 21 PLUS Project for Center for Creative Industrial Materials. H.S. Kim acknowledges the support by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2014R1A2A1A10051322). The authors would like to thank to Dr. Taejin Song of POSCO for the fabrication of TWIP/LC clad sheets.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.


  • Low-carbon steel
  • Split Hopkinson tensile bar
  • TWIP steel
  • TWIP/LC clad sheet
  • TWIP/LC interface
  • Twin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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