Earth pressure on a vertical shaft considering the arching effect in c-φ soil

In Mo Lee, Do Hoon Kim, Kyoung Yul Kim, Seok Won Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


A new earth pressure equation considering the arching effect in c-φ soils was proposed for the accurate calculation of earth pressure on circular vertical shafts. The arching effect and the subsequent load recovery phenomenon occurring due to multi-step excavation were quantitatively investigated through laboratory tests. The new earth pressure equation was verified by comparing the test results with the earth pressures predicted by new equation in various soil conditions. Resulting from testing by using multi-step excavation, the arching effect and load recovery were clearly observed. The test results in c-φ soil showed that even a small amount of cohesion can cause the earth pressure to decrease significantly. Therefore, predicting earth pressure without considering such cohesion can lead to overestimation of earth pressure. The test results in various ground conditions demonstrated that the newly proposed equation, which enables consideration of cohesion as appropriate, is the most reliable equation for predicting earth pressure in both φ soil and c-φ soil. The comparison of the theoretical equations with the field data measured on a real construction site also highlighted the best-fitness of the theoretical equation in predicting earth pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)879-896
Number of pages18
JournalGeomechanics and Engineering
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Techno-Press, Ltd.

Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Active earth pressure
  • Arching effect
  • Cohesion
  • Vertical shaft
  • Wall friction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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