An absorption chiller and water-cooled chiller are commonly used for heating and cooling of medium-sized buildings. These systems generally have at least 50 RT or more capacity and have difficulty in handling various design capacities. Recently, an air-cooled module chiller has attracted much attention as an alternative system because of its ability to expand the capacity up to 320 RT by combining small units into modules. Combining the air-cooled module chiller system with the thermal energy storage can reduce energy cost and power consumption during peak load period in summer using cheap night-time power. The objective of this study is to conduct the economic assessment and LCCP evaluation of the absorption chiller system and the air-cooled module chiller system with the thermal energy storage for office and hospital buildings. The results showed that the total annual cost decreased with the decrease in the storage tank capacity owing to the reduced the initial investment cost. Comparing the total annual cost of the systems for the office and hospital, the total annual cost of the hospital was significantly higher than that of the office. However, the total annual cost of the hospital was reduced similar to that of the office under air-cooled module chillers with 50% thermal energy storage. In the LCCP analysis, total CO2 emissions were decreased with the decrease in the storage tank capacity owing to the reduced direct emissions from refrigerant leakage.
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
|Event||9th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning, ACRA 2018 - Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan|
Duration: 2018 Jun 10 → 2018 Jun 13
|Other||9th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning, ACRA 2018|
|Period||18/6/10 → 18/6/13|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© ACRA 2018 - 9th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning. All rights reserved.
Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Air-cooled module chiller
- Life cycle climate performance
- Thermal energy storage
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering