Education, health, and economic development

Dong Hyeon Kim, Yi Chen Wu, Shu Chin Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines the relationships of income with education and health using heterogeneous panel cointegration techniques to account for the potential cross-country heterogeneity in the effects of education and health. Our main results are: (i) education and health are, on average, income-enhancing; (ii) for different schooling levels, although primary education lowers income, both secondary and tertiary education raise income with larger impacts for the former than the latter, on average; (iii) there is considerable heterogeneity in the effects of education and health on income across countries; and (iv) the effect of education (health) on income tends to be greater (smaller) in countries with higher levels of development, greater (less) trade openness, less abundant natural resources, less corruption, higher levels of democracy, and a more homogeneous society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-869
Number of pages33
JournalMacroeconomic Dynamics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Cambridge University Press.


  • Economic Development
  • Education
  • Health
  • Heterogeneous Panels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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