EEG-based affective state recognition from human brain signals by using Hjorth-activity

Raja Majid Mehmood, Muhammad Bilal, S. Vimal, Seong Whan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


EEG-based emotion recognition enables investigation of human brain activity, which is recognized as an important factor in brain-computer interface. In recent years, several methods have been studied to find optimal features from brain signals. The main limitation of existing studies is that either they consider very few emotion classes or they employ a large feature set. To overcome these issues, we propose a novel Hjorth-feature-based emotion recognition model. Unlike other methods, our proposed method explores a wider set of emotion classes in the arousal-valence domain. To reduce the dimension of the feature set, we employ Hjorth parameters (HPs) and analyze the parameters in the frequency domain. At the same time, our study was focused to maintain the accuracy of emotion recognition for four emotional classes. The average accuracy was approximately 69%, 76%, 85%, 59%, and 87% for DEAP, SEED-IV, DREAMER, SELEMO, and ASCERTAIN, respectively. Results show that the features from HP activity with random forest outperforms all the classic methods of EEG-based emotion recognition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111738
JournalMeasurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Oct

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Institute of Information & Communications Technology Planning & Evaluation (IITP) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) [No. 2019-0-00079, Department of Artificial Intelligence, Korea University] and [No. 2017-0-00451, Development of BCI based Brain and Cognitive Computing Technology for Recognizing User’s Intentions using Deep Learning]. This work has also supported by the Xiamen University Malaysia Research Fund (XMUMRF) (Grant No: XMUMRF/2022-C9/IECE/0035).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022


  • Affective state
  • DEAP
  • EEG
  • Emotion recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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