To achieve high fuel efficiency and low emission in automobiles, it is necessary to develop highly active diesel oxidation catalysts (DOCs). Pd/CeO2 catalysts have been widely used as active catalysts for CO and C3H6 oxidation reactions. Additionally, Ag has been reported to enhance the oxygen storage capacity (OSC) of CeO2, which contributes to the oxidation ability of Pd/CeO2. In this study, Pd/Ag-CeO2 catalysts were used for CO and C3H6 oxidation reactions. When CeO2 was doped with appropriate amounts of Ag, reducibility and CO desorption rate were increased, which confirmed the high OSCs of Ag-doped catalysts. However, Ag particles were formed and the Ce3+/Ce4+ ratio decreased when CeO2 was doped with excess amounts of Ag. In addition, reduced Pd (Pd0), which is an active species for C3H6 oxidation, was formed and maintained even under oxidative reaction conditions. Since the removal of C3H6 is important for the oxidation of CO and C3H6, the catalyst with the highest Pd0 fraction (Pd/0.1Ag-CeO2 and Pd/0.3Ag-CeO2) presented improved catalytic activity. Consequently, the optimal amount of Ag enhanced the OSC of Pd/Ag-CeO2 catalysts and formed active Pd0 species under oxidative conditions, which resulted in the excellent catalytic activity of Pd/Ag-CeO2 for the CO and C3H6 oxidation reaction.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government ( MSIP ; NRF-2016R1A5A1009592 ).
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.
- Ag-doped Ceria
- CO and CH oxidation
- Diesel oxidation catalyst
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis